Gum swelling is a very common problem. The tissue which forms the gums is fibrous, thick and full of blood-vessels and whenever there is any swelling, gums tend to bulge and appear red rather than pink. This may cause pain, sensitivity and irritation. Gums may also bleed when you are flossing or brushing your teeth. Common causes of gum swelling include infection, gingivitis, smoking, poor fitting of dental appliances, injury, use of sensitive toothpaste and nutritional deficiencies among others. The following are the top ten best home remedies for reducing gum swelling:
10. Proper Nutrition
Proper nutrition is very important for healthy teeth and gums. You should get enough amounts of folic acid, calcium, vitamin C and D in your diet so as to prevent gum inflammation.
- Foods rich in vitamin C : include kales, Brussels sprouts, cantaloupe, oranges, kiwi, bell peppers, strawberries, pineapple and broccoli.
- Foods rich in calcium : include collard greens, sardines, soy milk, tofu, cereals, salmon and dairy products.
- Foods with high-levels of folic acid : include avocados, broccoli, lentils, asparagus, beans, peas and dark leafy greens.
- Vitamin D : has anti-inflammatory properties which reduce the swelling as well as prevent its recurrence. It also helps the body to make use of calcium from the diet, thus increasing bone mineral density and improving health. Expose yourself to the sunlight early in the morning for approximately 10 minutes every day. You can also eat foods rich in vitamin D, such as cod liver oil, sunflower seeds, salmon and whole eggs.You may also take supplements that have been recommended by the doctor.
9. Reduce Gum Swelling with Cloves
Cloves can help in treating gum swelling by reducing the pain and inflammation. You can mix black pepper with clove oil and apply the same on the affected gums. You can also apply clove oil directly on the gums or chew some cloves to reduce the gum swelling.
8. Oil Pulling
This is one of the best ways for preventing oral health problems. The age-old Ayurvedic practice normally helps to reduce the growth of bacteria that cause infection in the mouth. Put one table-spoon of sesame oil in the mouth and swish it for 15-20 minutes. Spit the oil and rinse the mouth with warm water before brushing your teeth. Repeat the process every morning until the condition improves.
7. Tea Tree Oil
This oil contains anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties which may provide quick relief from inflamed and irritated gums. Mix a glass of clean warm water with a few drops of tea-tree oil. Use it twice daily as a mouth-wash and brush the teeth using toothpaste that contains tea tree oil to ease any discomfort.
6. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that soothe inflamed gums and prevent the growth of plaque which causes bacteria in the mouth. Cut an Aloe Vera leaf so as to get the gel. Rub it on the gums and massage gently for 1-2 minutes and rinse it with warm water. Repeat the process daily until the condition improves.
5. Black Tea Bags
A black tea bag has tannins which reduces gum inflammation. It also has antioxidant properties which promote oral health. Steep a tea-bag in boiling water for 2-3 minutes and remove it to cool. Hold that tea bag on your affected gums for 10-15 minutes then rinse the mouth using warm salty water. Repeat the process once daily for several days.
Turmeric contains curcumin, which has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. This helps in reducing inflammation and pain. It also prevents the spread of bacteria which causes several oral issues. Mix ¼-teaspoon of turmeric powder with some water and apply the paste on your gums. Leave it on for five minutes, then gently massage for 1 minute and rinse the mouth using warm water. Repeat the process twice daily for 1-2 weeks.
3. Hydrogen Peroxide
This is another effective way of tackling oral problems, reducing pain and gum inflammation. Hydrogen Peroxide helps in killing germs. Mix equal parts of water and 3% hydrogen peroxide solution. Swish the solution in the mouth for 30 seconds and rinse it off with clean warm water. You may also mix 1 teaspoon of hydrogen peroxide and baking soda to make a paste. Rub it on your gums and leave it for 1 minute before rinsing the mouth with water. Repeat the process 2-3 times a week.
2. Salt Water
A salt water solution inhibits the growth of bacteria in your mouth and prevents infections which may contribute to oral health problems. After brushing the teeth, gently rub salt on the gums then rinse it off using warm water. Repeat the process daily and after the gums have become healthy, you can do it 3 times in a week to prevent recurrence. You can also add ? to 1-teaspoon of salt to one glass of warm water then use the solution to rinse the mouth twice daily.
1. Reduce Gum Swelling with Warm and Cold Compresses
This is the best home remedy for reducing gum swelling and relieving sores. Hold the compresses against the face and not directly on your swollen gums. Soak a clean piece of cloth in warm water then wring out excess water. Hold the cloth against the face for five minutes and wrap a bag of some frozen peas in a clean thin towel. Hold it against the face until the part becomes numb. Repeat the process 2-3 times.
The problem of gum swelling can cause a lot of discomfort and pain. To avert this, you need to maintain a good oral hygiene. You can use the above home remedies to reduce gum swelling and pain. However, if the symptoms persist for 2 or more weeks, it is advisable to visit the dentist.